Orvieto Eucharistic Jubilee 2013-2014
Extraordinary Eucharistic Jubilee for the years 2013 and 2014
750th anniversary of the Eucharistic Miracle of Bolsena
In order to celebrate the 750th Anniversary of the Bolsena Miracle (1263) and of the Bolla "Transiturus" issued by Pope Urban IV (1264), the years 2013 and 2014 have been proclaimed by Pope Benedict XVI the years for the Extraordinary Eucharistic Jubilee. The Jubilee started on January 13th 2013 with the opening of the Duomo Cathedral Holy Doors (by Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re) and of the Santa Cristina Church Doors in Bolsena. The Jubilee will end on November 2014 with the closing of the Holy Doors.
This is a very important cultural and religious event that will make Orvieto and the nearby Bolsena two extraordinary towns to visit for pilgrimage. Anyone can visit the two Etruscan towns - located 20 km from each other - both strongly connected to each other by a millenary history and tradition.
In particular, the two churches of the Duomo (Orvieto) and Santa Cristina (Bolsena) will be the central places for this unique religious event, even if the organizer intend to promote a wider religious itinerary that involves other locations, such as the Duomo in Todi and the Sanctuary in Collevalenza.
The Bolsena Miracle and the Corpus Domini:
History tells us that in 1260 Pietro from Prague, a Bohemian priest, arrived in Orvieto while he was experiencing a difficult period concerning his religious belief, to the point wether he would not believe in the mystery of transubstantiation, (the transformation of bread and wine into the body and the blood of Christ).
Therefore, in 1263, the priest, while he was in Bolsena (a stop during his pilgrimage on the Francigena Path towards Rome), asked to celebrate the mass. While celebrating it in the Church of Santa Cristina, the holy hosts started bleeding under his eyes and stained the lilen cloth (Corporale) and the altar stones.
The priest was deeply but happily shocked by this vision, and he revealed Pope Urbano IV that in those years was residing in Orvieto.
The Pope and the Catholic Church declared the miraculous event and the Pope himself ordered that the stained cloth would be moved to Orvieto. The following year he instituted the “Corpus Domini” event with the famous Bolla "Transiturus de hoc mundo” dated 1264 (and reissued by the following Pope Clemente V ), establishing that the Corpus Domini festivity and other eucharistic celebrations would be spread out all over the Christian World.
The stains of blood on the Santa Cristina floor and altar are still today part of the pilgrimage, as well as the holy stained cloth, which is kept and preserved in the Chapel of Corporale inside the Duomo of Orvieto (left chapel).
Although the construction of such a majestic and splendid cathedral was not due to the miracle (like many believe). Every year, the Corporale cloth is shown on the streets of Orvieto during the religious and historic procession during the festivity of Corpus Domini.
Religious Places and Itineraries:
Todi and nearby